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How to descale iron?

Iron is an irreplaceable thing, without which it is almost impossible to do. Modern manufacturers offer all kinds of models of irons that will help ease the life of the whole family. Regardless of the quality of the products, there are certain rules for caring for them, observing which you can extend the life of the equipment for several years. In this article, you will learn how to clean your iron from scale using simple and affordable means.

Why do pollution appear?

Any equipment sooner or later becomes worthless, and irons are no exception. The main cause of damage is limescale, which forms on the bottom of the device and inside the water tank. Operating the iron too often can lead to scale formation even on a recently purchased appliance.

Typically, water in a water supply system is quite hard, so the difficulties in using water-consuming equipment are familiar to residents of large cities firsthand. Even multi-stage cleaning is not able to soften the water and completely eliminate the presence of salts in the water.

The only way to reduce scale formation at home is to use distilled water for ironing. Filters and the use of bottled water help well, but even this does not guarantee getting rid of limescale permanently.

Few people know what is dangerous scum. It does not conduct temperature well - about 10 times worse than the steel of which the iron body is made. The larger the scale layer on the sole, the more difficult it will be to iron things. In this case, the metal of the iron will overheat, and it will take several times more time to heat the water. As a result - reduced functionality of the device, the curvature of the metal, the difficulty of the ironing process.

Common remedies

Before you start cleaning your iron, you need to determine which cleaning method is right for your equipment.

Many housewives prefer home cleaning methods, especially since in each apartment there is always one or two products that can help quickly and easily remove scale from the appliance. Each of them has its pros and cons and is effective in its own way. To find out which method is right for you, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the most effective folk methods for cleaning the iron.

Lemon acid

Citric acid can be found in any housewife, so this method can be called the most popular of all existing.

First you need to carefully inspect the heating sole of the iron, especially pay attention to the steam vents. The accumulation of scale inside the holes can be seen with the naked eye, and if there is too much of it, then it is better to start the procedure with them. Otherwise, it will be difficult to clean the water tank.

You will need:

  • syringe;
  • a few cotton swabs;
  • a basin for draining dirty liquid.

To begin with, dilute citric acid with hot water and stir. This should be done as carefully as possible, since the ingress of insoluble crystals into the reservoir is unacceptable. If the holes are too clogged with scale, then you can get them wet with a cotton swab dipped in the resulting solution.

Clean the water tank as follows. The solution with citric acid must be poured into it through holes on the surface with a syringe. The remaining liquid is poured in the usual way. Next, you need to heat the iron to a high temperature and leave it in a horizontal position for 5-10 minutes, without removing the plug from the outlet.

The cleaning procedure is by no means calm - at this moment steam or a pungent odor may go, the iron may begin to “hiss”.

Over time, you need to rinse the tank with clean water and treat the surface of the sole with gauze or a soft cloth. To do this, pour water inside and iron the unnecessary rags in the usual way. If traces of scale are still visible, repeat the procedure.

remember, that acid solution should not be too concentratedeven if the holes on the surface are too clogged. Descaling can only be done by wiping the holes carefully, and too much citric acid in the solution can damage the internal parts of the device and even cause the equipment to malfunction.

The same thing can be repeated with lemon juice. You need to squeeze the juice from the lemon into a glass of water, then pour the resulting liquid into the iron reservoir. It must be warmed up at full power and steam mode must be activated. It’s best to do this over a bathtub or some container. As a result, all the scum should come out of the iron.

Continue to manipulate until all the water comes out of the iron. Then cool the device and repeat the procedure with clean water. This cleaning method was especially liked by the housewives for safety, because natural lemon does not contain any harmful substances.


Acetic acid does an excellent job of burning and scaling, but is considered a more aggressive product, so it can only be used to clean the bottom of the product.

You can wipe the sole of the iron with a cotton pad or a soft cloth dampened with vinegar.

The cleaning procedure is as follows:

  1. the iron must be heated;
  2. cotton wool or cloth should be moistened with undiluted vinegar;
  3. gently walk along the bottom of the device;
  4. Use cotton swabs to wipe the holes.

At the end of the manipulation, it is necessary to walk the iron over some unnecessary fabric to remove residual contamination.

During cleaning, do not unplug the iron from the outlet: the higher the heating temperature of the device, the more effective the procedure.

Experts recommend cleaning the iron every two to three monthsThis will help increase the life of the equipment and eliminate problems during ironing. Remember that it is impossible to pour vinegar solution into the iron tank - it can corrode rubber parts.

The use of baths with vinegar is allowed. To do this, you will need an unnecessary baking sheet or container and two racks on which you can put a heated iron.

The procedure is as follows:

  • boil water and mix with a little vinegar;
  • pour the solution into the container so that it covers part of the sole;
  • leave the device for about an hour;
  • to enhance the effect, the pan can be placed on a light fire.

To avoid injuries and burns, be careful during this procedure!

Vinegar interacts well with soda. Such a home method of cleaning the iron is good in that all its components are always at hand.

To do this, you need:

  • cover the table with rough cloth (you can take a waffle towel);
  • pour a little soda;
  • crush the lumps thoroughly;
  • pour a little vinegar into the soda. For a greater effect, you can add a few drops of ammonia. If there is no vinegar in the house, only ammonia is allowed;
  • rub the heated iron on the cloth. The resulting foam well cleans the sole of the device from various contaminants and burns.
  • repeat the procedure several times if necessary.

Vinegar must be manipulated in a well-ventilated area, otherwise there is a risk of poisoning with vinegar pairs.


Manufacturers of household chemicals are trying to facilitate home living and create effective tools that allow you to quickly and easily clean the iron from scale. The use of chemicals greatly simplifies the cleaning process of the device and makes it simple and safe.

Today, all cleaning products on the market include acids that can cope with almost any dirt and scale.

Before use, be sure to read the instructions for use and strictly follow the manufacturer's recommendations.

One of such products is Antinakipin, which removes scale well and has a low price. The cleaning technique differs little from the above:

  • Dilute the “Anti-scale” with water, observing the proportions indicated in the instructions;
  • fill the device’s tank and turn on the temperature at full power;
  • when the iron warms up, turn on the steam;
  • foam should appear from the holes for steam;
  • wait for the device to cool and rinse the tank in the housing with clean water.

Compared with folk remedies, this method is more expensive, however, the use of a chemical agent allows you to speed up the procedure and makes it as effective as possible.

Specially designed means for cleaning irons will help to avoid breakdowns, since their composition is specially selected for this type of equipment.

What to choose?

There are many ways to clean irons from scale and other contaminants. Each of them has its pros and cons.

Chemicals save time, but using them It is important that you take precautions and avoid getting on your hands. Do not use coarse abrasives and rub the surface of the iron with a hard brush or a metal brush - this can damage the sole. It is better to choose soft rags and gentle cleaning products designed for this.

In addition to the cleaning methods described above, there is a whole list of folk remedies using soda and detergent, laundry soap, hydroperit, salt, toothpaste and even a paraffin candle - you decide.

Do not forget that the cleaning method must correspond to each individual model of the device. Some devices have a delicate surface, which is very easy to spoil with salt or soda, so in such cases it is best to give preference to more gentle methods.

Using candle wax to clean, make sure that it does not clog into the steam openings of the device. Do not forget to put the pan under the bottom, since when heated on the iron, the candle will begin to melt and flow down. Avoid getting wax in the holes by tilting the iron vertically.

Regardless of which folk method you used, after completing the procedure, make sure that there are no residues of cleaning agent on the sole, and only then proceed to iron things.

How to clean?

Most of the current steam irons are equipped with a special self-cleaning system, using which, you can significantly increase the life of the devices. In addition, this is the most functional way to clean this technique from the inside.

The self-cleaning procedure of the device occurs in several stages:

  • it is necessary to choose a deep container, best of all metal;
  • fill the tank with water; you can add a purchased product intended for this;
  • the iron must be turned on at full power for warming;
  • After it warms up, disconnect it from the power and turn on the self-cleaning mode. At this point, the device must be kept above the basin or bath. The self-cleaning key is located on the iron body. Pressing it will provoke the removal of steam and water from the tank, with which pieces of plaque will come out. To make the procedure more effective, you can slightly shake the iron;
  • to completely remove scale inside the device, you can repeat the procedure a couple of times.

Ceramic surfaces

The popularity of ceramic coated irons is due to the practicality of operation and ease of maintenance. Such irons practically do not spoil things, they are easy to clean from pollution, in addition, they have a long term of use.

Over time, any technique becomes obsolete. It is common for irons to accumulate limescale on the sole and inside of the water tank. Stains from clothes often appear on the surface, which not only complicate the process of ironing, but can also be imprinted on things.

There are several ways to remove dirt and plaque from a ceramic coating:

  • Glass ceramics. This is one of the most affordable and cheapest ways to clean dirt and limescale. Method of application: apply the solution on the cold surface of the iron and rub it with a soft sponge until the surface is completely cleaned. After that, remove the remnants of the product with a cloth moistened with warm water.
  • Vinegar + ammonia. Method of application: apply ammonia to the cold surface of the sole and use a sponge or soft cloth to cover the entire surface. Moisten a cloth in vinegar and repeat the manipulations, heat the iron and switch on the steam mode. This will help remove scale even in the holes on the sole.
  • Hydrogen peroxide. This is another easy and affordable way to remove scale from the surface. Method of application: moisten a cotton swab with peroxide and treat the work surface. To enhance the effect, the iron must be turned on, however, make sure that the surface does not get very hot.
  • Salt. With its help, you can easily clean the ceramic iron from too strong a burn. Method of application: pour a thin layer of fine salt on the sheet. Turn on the iron and smooth the sheet with salt in smooth slow motion. Coarse-grained salt cannot be used - ceramics can easily be scratched.
  • Hydroperide tablet. With its help, you can easily get rid of severe pollution on the surface of a ceramic iron. Method of application: heat the device to the maximum temperature and disconnect from the socket. Rub the entire surface of the sole with a tablet, paying particular attention to old spots. Remove the remaining tablet with a damp cloth. Using this method, open a window or balcony so that the hydroperit vapor erodes.

Teflon coated

Teflon is a unique material widely used in household and industrial fields. It has high strength properties and an incredibly slippery surface. Teflon-coated irons have long become the favorite models of housewives. Teflon is just perfect for ironing - it does not cling to textiles, therefore it is suitable even for the most delicate fabrics, it does not wear out and does not deteriorate with proper care. The shelf life of Teflon-coated irons is longer than ceramic. However, such models also lose their original properties over time and require cleaning.

Since Teflon is a very fragile material, iron should be cleaned carefully using harmless products. It is important not to scratch the Teflon layer, otherwise the operation of the device may be impaired in the future.

It is strictly forbidden to use soda and coarse salt. It is better to try to remove dirt and limescale using hydrogen peroxide or a special chemical agent. You will also need soft rags or sponges for better cleaning and cotton swabs to clean holes with holes.

Useful Tips

Secrets of thrifty housewives:

  1. Liquid ammonia is a universal cleaning agent. It is the best suited for Teflon coatings, perfectly removing dirt, scale, stains. After use, the sole of the iron should be washed with warm water and wiped dry.
  2. By mixing baking soda with 2-3 drops of detergent and lemon juice, you can make a percussion mixture to remove old spots. It is applied in a thin layer over the entire surface with a cotton swab or roller. To enhance the effect, you can wait about half an hour, and then rinse with warm water.
  3. Soft fleecy fabric is best suited for stain removal.You can use microfiber wipes - they absorb moisture well and are convenient to use.
  4. In no case should you use sandpaper, a knife, or other sharp objects to clean the surface of irons. They will scratch the surface and may cause the device to malfunction.
  5. Teflon coating should not be rubbed too hard. This will lead to the formation of microcracks and damage to the entire surface in the future.
  6. A pencil cleaner will help to cope with the most capricious surface. Modern manufacturers offer a wide range, from which you can easily choose the best option for yourself. A pencil is applied only to a heated surface. After use, it is necessary to iron unnecessary rags and wipe the cooled surface of the iron with a damp cloth.

The formation of burns on the surface of the iron can be prevented by following a few rules:

  • observe the temperature regime for each type of fabric;
  • delicate items that include wool, silk, nylon, polyester, lace, cashmere, knitwear must be ironed through a wet cloth;
  • after each ironing, it is necessary to wipe the surface of the iron with a damp cloth;
  • Only purified water should be poured into the water tank. Distilled or filtered water is suitable - this will help reduce scale formation.

See how to clean your iron from scale inside the next video.


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